What Are The Major Effects Of Water Pollution?

What are five effects of water pollution on humans?

Contaminated water can harbor bacteria, such as those responsible for diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis A, and polio.

According to the UN, every year, approximately 297,000 children under five die from diseases linked to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water..

What are the effects of pollution on human health?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill.

What are the 5 effects of pollution?

Human Health Chest pain, congestion, throat inflammation, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease are some of the diseases that can be caused by air pollution.

What are effects of pollution?

Effects of Air Pollution High levels of air pollution can cause an increased risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing, and breathing problems, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Air pollution can also cause worsening of existing heart problems, asthma, and other lung complications.

What are the disadvantages of water pollution?

Destroys life in the water based ecosystem which is polluted which in turn disrupts natural food chain. Aquatic life is destroyed due to the non-biodegradable pesticides and chemicals. Water pollution affects the microbial population. There is a steep increase in the BOD levels of water.

What are the effects of water pollution class 9?

Pathogens(viruses,bacteria,fungi,protozoa etc)are biological pollutants of water. They cause typhoid,cholera,dysentery,jaundice,hepatitis. 2)Removal of desirable substance from water bodies: With increase in the amount of organic waste the bacteria multiply rapidly and use up the available oxygen.

What are the causes and effects of water pollution?

Humans are the main cause of water pollution, which is triggered in many ways: by the dumping of industrial waste; due to temperature rise, that cause the alteration of water by reducing the oxygen in its composition; Or due to deforestation, which causes sediments and bacteria to appear under the soil and therefore …

What are the 10 effects of water pollution?

EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTIONDestruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes — eutrophication —.Contamination of the food chain. … Lack of potable water. … Disease. … Infant mortality.

What is water pollution and its control?

Water pollution, to a larger extent, can be controlled by a variety of methods. Rather than releasing sewage waste into water bodies, it is better to treat them before discharge. … If the secondary treatment of water has been carried out, then this can be reused in sanitary systems and agricultural fields.

What are the 5 consequences of water pollution?

What Are the Consequences of Water Pollution?Destruction of aquatic flora and fauna. There are countless species of plants and animals which depend upon water for their survival, making them the most susceptible to water pollution. … Drinking water supplies. … Food chain disruption. … Agriculture. … Economic downturns.Feb 3, 2020

How can we avoid water pollution?

6 Ways to Prevent Water PollutionPick up litter and throw it away in a garbage can.Blow or sweep fertilizer back onto the grass if it gets onto paved areas. … Mulch or compost grass or yard waste. … Wash your car or outdoor equipment where it can flow to a gravel or grassed area instead of a street.Don’t pour your motor oil down the storm drain.More items…•Dec 18, 2019

What is the solution of water pollution?

Likely the most effective way to reduce water pollution is by treating some of the water before it’s reintroduced into the waterways. This is a highly effective solution because wastewater treatment facilities are able to remove nearly all pollutants in wastewater via a chemical, physical, or biological process.

What are examples of water pollution?

Water pollutants include contamination due to domestic wastes, insecticides and herbicides, food processing waste, pollutants from livestock operations, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), heavy metals, chemical waste, and others.

What are 10 ways to reduce water pollution?

Ten Things You Can Do To Reduce Water PollutionDO NOT pour fat from cooking or any other type of fat, oil, or grease down the sink. … DO NOT dispose of household chemicals or cleaning agents down the sink or toilet. … DO NOT flush pills, liquid or powder medications or drugs down the toilet. … Avoid using the toilet as a wastebasket. … Avoid using a garbage disposal.More items…

What are the pros and cons of water pollution?

Water pollution is the dumping of foreign materials in water. Water pollution has the following advantages: helps in disposing harmful materials off the land surface and is inexpensive. Disadvantages of water pollution include: waterborne diseases, death of aquatic life and hindrance to boating activities.

What are the 10 causes of pollution?

We have listed 10 common air pollution causes along with the effects that have serious implication on your health on a daily basis.The Burning of Fossil Fuels. … Industrial Emission. … Indoor Air Pollution. … Wildfires. … Microbial Decaying Process. … Transportation. … Open Burning of Garbage Waste. … Construction and Demolition.More items…•Feb 6, 2019

What are harmful effects of pollution?

Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases.

What are 10 ways to reduce pollution?

10 Best Ways to Reduce Air PollutionUsing public transports. … Turn off the lights when not in use. … Recycle and Reuse. … No to plastic bags. … Reduction of forest fires and smoking. … Use of fans instead of Air Conditioner. … Use filters for chimneys. … Avoid usage of crackers.More items…•Sep 8, 2017

Who is responsible for water pollution?

As amended in 1977 (P.L. 95-217), this law became commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA). The CWA is the principle law governing pollution control and water quality of the Nation’s waterways and is primarily overseen by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

How does dirty water affect health?

Contaminated water can transmit diseases such diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio. Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 485 000 diarrhoeal deaths each year.

How will water pollution affect us in the future?

Population growth, economic development, urbanisation and climate change will have a big impact on water issues by 2050. Some 780.000 people die annually from drinking polluted water, compared to 1,100 from drought, 6,000 from floods. …